National TB Control Programme

Tuberculosis causes symptoms treatments

National TB Control Programme

Spreads Through coughs sneezes


Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but TB bacteria can attack any part of the body.

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Signs & Symptoms

Most people infected with the bacteria that cause tuberculosis don't have symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they usually include a cough (sometimes blood-tinged), weight loss, night sweats and fever.

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Treat, Control & Prevent

The medications used to treat latent TB infection include: isoniazid (INH) rifampin (RIF) rifapentine (RPT) Certain groups of people (such as people with weakened immune systems) are at very high risk of developing TB disease once infected with TB bacteria

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What Is Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is a contagious bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. TB mostly attacks the lungs (pulmonary TB) but it can affect any organ in the body (Extra Pulmonary TB). TB affecting the other parts of the body is not as infectious as TB of the lungs.

How TB Spreads

TB is spread through the air from one person to another. The TB bacteria are put into the air when a person with TB disease of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, speaks, or sings. People nearby may breathe in these bacteria and become infected.

TB is NOT spread by

  • Shaking someone‚Äôs hand
  • Sharing food or drink
  • Touching bed linens or toilet seats
  • Sharing toothbrushes
  • Kissing

Our Strategies

1. Address TB/HIV, MDR-TB and other challenges
2. Contribute to health system strengthening
3. Empower people with TB, and communities
4. Engage all care providers
5. Enable and promote research
6. Pursue high-quality DOTS expansion and enhancement


TB Patients Under Care


DOT Centers